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The basic premise of Card Counting is that mathematically speaking, low cards on average are beneficial to the dealer while high cards favour the player.
There are many subtle reasons for this but the most significant are:. So the Card Counter looks for times when there are more high cards left to be played than a regular deck would have.
Rather than trying to remember each card that has been played, the Card Counter will usually use a ratio system that offsets cards that are good for the player against cards that are good for the dealer.
The most commonly used Card Counting system is the HiLo count , which values cards as follows:. To keep track the player starts at zero, adds one to the total every time a low card is played and subtracts one from the total when a high card is played.
It may seem counter-intuitive to subtract one for high value cards that are good for the player, but a high card that has been played is one less high card that is left to be played.
Where the Running Count is positive the player knows that there are more player favourable cards remaining to be played.
When kept correctly the Running Count will start at 0 and, if all the cards were to be played out, would end at 0. This is because there are an equal number of high cards and low cards.
Card Counting systems are generally not impeded by the addition of multiple decks to the game. At any rate multiple decks do not make it significantly more difficult for the Card Counter to keep track of the Running Count, since the Card Counter only needs to keep track of a single number, the Running Count.
However many decks are used, the count begins at zero and would end at zero if there were no cards left, so no changes need to be made to the counting process.
Where multiple decks do make a difference is in how much impact a positive Running Count has to the player advantage. If there are 5 decks remaining to be played there are only 2 extra player favourable cards in each deck.
To estimate the strength of the player advantage the Running count therefore needs to be divided by the number of decks remaining to be played.
This figure is called the True Count. With the True Count the player has a consistent measure of how many extra player favourable cards are contained within the cards remaining to be dealt.
The player can use this information to vary their bet and playing strategy. Deviations from Basic Strategy are far less important than placing big bets when the True Count is high and low bets or preferably nothing when the True count is low or negative.
It is important to note that sizing your bet correctly is critical to your long term success as a card counter. This requires substantial additional knowledge that is beyond the scope of this article.
Instead we refer interested readers to the books listed below for an insight into this complex aspect of card counting. While Card Counting is legal in most jurisdictions, for obvious reasons casinos do not like players that can consistently beat them.
They therefore employ counter measures and any players they identify as Card Counters will be asked to leave the casino. The most common method used to identify Card Counters is to watch for a large bet spread difference between the minimum and maximum bet a player uses and to see whether large bets correlate with player favourable counts.
Card Counters have developed several methods to help them avoid detection. The two most common are:. There are several variations on team play designed to be employed in different situations and to different effects.
These are covered more fully in the reading resources detailed below. Successful Card Counting is generally only profitable in land based casinos, not in online games.
The strategy relies on the game having a "memory" in that cards are dealt from the cards remaining after previous rounds have been played.
Online Blackjack games are dealt by computer and normally use a random number generator to shuffle the whole deck after every round of play.
Games of this sort are not countable. There are some Live Blackjack games online, which are played over a video feed with a human dealer.
There is a great deal more to card counting successfully than we can reasonable cover here. Many books have been written on this subject and we will recommend some of the better ones below:.
Blackjack Attack — One of the foremost mathematicians in the Blackjack field, Schlesinger successfully compares the strength of various counting systems in different conditions.
Blackbelt in Blackjack — One of the most easily accessible authors on the subject of Blackjack, Snyder still provides everything you need to know to start on your journey.
Blackjack Blueprint — A good book covering everything from Basic Strategy, through several counting systems and on to advanced techniques and team play.
Blackjack for Blood — Discussion of various card counting systems and strategies to avoid being detected. Includes discussion of some strategies that unlike card counting, may not be legal.
As such we would strongly advise user caution and research before engaging some of the strategies discussed. Burning the Tables in Las Vegas — One of the best discussions of how to play successfully long term without being detected.
Olaf Vancura and Ken Fuchs: Knockout Blackjack — Credited as being the first published unbalanced counting system system that did not require a True Count conversion.
Million Dollar Blackjack — An old book now but written by a man famous for popularising the concepts of team play.
This book covers several counting systems alongside some advanced techniques. Play Blackjack Like the Pros — This book covers Basic Strategy, a variety of counting systems, money management and team play.
The Blackjack Life — A autobiographical account of a small number of players implementing modernised team play strategies.
Very useful insight into how team play can still be effective. The Blackjack Zone — A lot of space is devoted to how to become a better player and debunking myths surrounding gambling, but this book also has a good treatment of the basics of card counting.
The Theory of Blackjack — Peter Griffin was one of the most widely respected gambling mathematicians of all time.
This book is maths heavy but very informative. There are other good books on this subject but the above are the ones we feel any player should ensure they are familiar with before considering trying to win money by Card Counting.
The Basic Strategy section includes a comprehensive calculator that can generate the optimal basic strategy for almost any rule combination alongside a fairness calculator to check your results.
This option is available only with a two card hand, before another card has been drawn. Doubling down allows you to double your bet and receive one and only one additional card to your hand.
In this case, you have a good chance of winning the hand by drawing one additional card, so you should increase your bet in this advantageous situation by doubling down.
If you are playing in a hand-held game, just toss your original two cards face-up on the table in front of your bet. In either type of game, add an additional bet to the betting circle.
Place the additional bet adjacent to the original bet, not on top of it. The dealer will deal one additional card to the hand.
In a shoe game, he will probably deal the card sideways to indicate that this was a double-down. In a hand-held game, the card will be tucked face-down under your bet to be revealed after the hand is over.
Depending on what the dealer makes on his hand, it can be an exciting wait to see that card revealed at the end!
You are allowed to double down for any amount up to your original bet amount, so you could actually double down for less if you wanted.
Remember that you do give up something for being allowed to increase your bet: If the correct play is to double down, you should always double for the full amount if possible.
And just when should you double down, you ask? For that information, just use our Blackjack Basic Strategy Engine. When you are dealt a pair of cards of the same rank, you are allowed to split the pair into two separate hands and play them independently.
Sixteen is the worst possible player hand, since it is unlikely to win as is, but is very likely to bust if you draw to it. If you are playing a hand-held game, toss the cards face-up in front of your bet just like a double down.
Then, in either type of game, place a matching bet beside the original bet in the circle. Note that you must bet the same amount on a split, unlike a double-down where you are allowed to double for less.
The dealer will separate the two cards, and treat them as two independent hands. He will deal a second card on the first eight, and you will play that two-card hand to completion.
Many casinos will let you double-down on that two-card hand if you want. No matter what happens on your first hand, when you are done with it the dealer will deal a second card to your next hand and the process starts all over.
If you get additional pairs in the first two cards of a hand, most casinos will allow you to resplit, making yet another hand. Typically a player is allowed to split up to 3 times, making 4 separate hands, with 4 separate bets.
If double after split is allowed, you could have up to 8 times your initial bet on the table! Note that you are allowed to split any valued cards, so you could split a Jack, Queen hand.
However, this is usually a bad play. You will make more money on the pat 20 than you will trying to make two good hands from it.
I wrote a post about just that: Why Splitting Tens is a Bad Move. Another oddity comes when splitting Aces.
Splitting Aces is a very strong player move so the casino limits you to drawing only one additional card on each Ace. Also, if you draw a ten-valued card on one of your split Aces, the hand is not considered a Blackjack, but is instead treated as a normal 21, and therefore does not collect a 3: With all these limitations, you may wonder whether it makes sense to split Aces.
The answer is a resounding YES. For accurate advice on what other pairs you should split, consult the Blackjack Basic Strategy Engine.
If you want to win at Blackjack, you will eventually need to learn basic strategy from a basic strategy chart or play the interactive strategy trainer.
However, there are some quick rules and tips that you can learn as a beginner to decrease the house edge and formulate a strategy. Remember there are more 10 value cards 10, J, Q, K than any other cards in the deck—so when a 10 will get you close to 21 and you are against a card that is bad for the dealer, you should double.
A player 9, 10, or 11 would always be a good double when a dealer is showing a 3, 4, 5, or 6. This is because the 3, 4, 5, and 6 are starting cards that are more likely to make a dealer bust.
The Ace is such a powerful card because pulling a 10 on a split will give you a Even though a 21 gained through a split is still only paid 1: Two fives total 10—which is a hand much better suited for doubling.
Insurance in blackjack is often misunderstood by players, and is a big money-maker for casinos. Naming this side-bet "insurance" was a brilliant marketing ploy, and some otherwise solid players will frequently make this bad bet to "insure" when they have a good hand.
But actually, insurance is not always a bad bet. For players who can recognize when the remaining deck is rich in ten-valued cards, this can actually be a profitable side-bet.
When the dealer turns up an Ace, he will offer "Insurance" to the players. Insurance bets can be made by betting up to half your original bet amount in the insurance betting stripe in front of your bet.
The dealer will check to see if he has a value card underneath his Ace, and if he does have Blackjack, your winning Insurance bet will be paid at odds of 2: You will still lose your original bet unless you also have a Blackjack , so the net effect is that you break even assuming you bet the full half bet for insurance.
This is why the bet is described as "insurance", since it seems to protect your original bet against a dealer blackjack.
Insurance is simply a side-bet offering 2: Not surprisingly, the casino has a substantial edge on this bet. In a single deck game, there are 16 ten-valued cards.
That creates a 5. Card counters can still beat the insurance bet, by only making the bet when they know that more than one-third of the remaining cards are tens.
Unless you are card counter and know the deck is skewed sufficiently, just ignore the insurance bet. If you have a blackjack when the dealer turns up an Ace, he is likely to offer you "even money" instead of the insurance bet.
If you accept, the dealer will pay you the amount of your original bet and discard your hand of blackjack, before he even checks under his Ace to see if he has a blackjack as well.
Many players think this sounds like a good deal, guaranteeing a profit even if the dealer has a blackjack. But that guaranteed profit comes at a price.
Let me show you how it works:. So, casinos allow you to eliminate the insurance bet altogether, and simply declare that you want "even money" for your blackjack when the dealer has an Ace showing.
The problem is that you are still making a bad bet on insurance, which costs you money. A player who does not count cards should simply never take the insurance bet, even the "even money" variety.
Some games offer the player a chance to fold their hand, and forfeit half of their bet. This surrender option must be done as the very first action the player takes on the hand.
Even when surrender is available, it is rarely used by players. But for a smart player, it is a useful option, and reduces the house advantage by about 0.
When surrender is available, make sure you know the correct strategy for using it. Most players who use the option surrender too many hands.
If your game offers surrender, I recommend reading my complete explanation of blackjack surrender. In the most common variety known as "late" surrender , a player cannot surrender until after the dealer has checked for blackjack.
If the dealer has blackjack, you will lose your entire bet with no chance of surrendering for half the cost. Generally, the dealer in blackjack must hit if he has a total of 16 or less, and stand if he has 17 or more.
Seventeen is a weak hand, so if the dealer is allowed to try to improve the soft 17 hands, it makes the game tougher.
When a dealer is allowed to hit soft 17, it adds about 0. Almost all other areas used the better rule of standing on all 17s.
Over the years, more and more casinos have switched to hitting soft 17, and there are now far more H17 games than S17 games.
You can still find some games where the dealer stands on all 17s, even in casinos where some of the tables use the H17 rule.
After splitting a pair, many casinos will allow you to double-down on a two-card hand that arises as a result of the split. For example, if you split a pair of eights, and draw a 3 on the first hand, it is valuable to be able to double-down on the resulting hand of As mentioned in the previous section discussion on pair splitting, there are several common restrictions on splitting Aces.
You will receive only one card on each Ace after splitting. Some casinos will allow you to resplit if you draw another Ace, and some will not.
In these "European No Hole Card" games, the dealer only deals himself one card at the beginning of the round. After all the players have completed their hands, he deals his own second card and completes the hand.
Contrast that with the normal US style of play. There, if the dealer has a ten or Ace card up, he checks the other card immediately to see if he has a blackjack.
If he does, the hand is over. This process of "peeking" under the hole card to check for blackjack means that players can only lose one bet per hand if the dealer has a blackjack.
In a No-Hole-Card game, a player might split or double and have multiple bets at risk to a dealer blackjack, because the dealer cannot check ahead of time.
This changes the optimal strategy, and means that players should usually not split or double against a dealer ten or Ace upcard. An exception is splitting Aces against a dealer ten.
Note that there are a few no-hole-card games where the rules specifically say that only one bet will be collected from a player if the dealer has a blackjack.
In those games, although there is no hole card, you can play the game as if there were. When the No-Hole-Card rule is in use, and all bets are at risk to a dealer blackjack, it costs the player 0.
Use the "No-Peek" option at our Strategy Engine. Similarly there is a rule variation whereby the player automatically wins when drawing 7 cards without busting which is called a "Seven Card Charlie".
The most important item is the sign declaring betting limits. Both the minimum and the maximum allowable bets should be on a sign on the table-top.
Look around to find a table that suits your bet sizes. Make sure that the table you have selected is actually for blackjack, and not another of the many kinds of table games that casinos offer.
Look on the table for the phrase " Blackjack pays 3 to 2 ". Avoid any games that say " Blackjack pays 6 to 5 " instead.
See 6 to 5 Blackjack? Beginners should start off playing the shoe games. The dealer will exchange the entire amount of cash for the equivalent in chips, and drop the cash into a box on the table.
Take a quick look at the chips to make sure you know the value of each color. If you have any questions, just ask the dealer.
Part of his job is to help players learn the game. Once you are ready to place a bet, wait for the current hand to be completed, then push your bet into the betting circle.
Your chips should be in one stack. If you are betting multiple denominations of chips, place the larger valued chips on the bottom of the stack, and the smaller value chips on top.
Once the cards have been dealt, you are not allowed to touch the bet in the circle. If you need to know how much you have bet for doubling or splitting explained later , the dealer will count down the chips for you.
Once the hand is over, the dealer will move around the table to each position in turn, paying winning hands and collecting the chips from losing hands.
After the dealer has paid you, you can remove your chips from the circle, and place your next bet. If you want to let your winnings ride, you will need to form one stack of chips from the two or more stacks on the table after the dealer pays you.
Remember, higher value chips should be placed on the bottom of the stack. When you are ready to leave the table, you do not cash in your chips the same way you bought them.
The dealer cannot give you cash for the chips at the table. To do that, you must take the chips to the casino cashier. If you have a lot of low denomination chips in front of you at the table, you should trade them for the equivalent higher value chips instead.
Recognize the implications of insurance, splitting, doubling down and surrender. There are 13 potential ranks of cards in the deck.
You have less than a 1 and 3 chance of it paying. The best time to make an insurance bet is when the count is whatever you found it to be.
If the dealer turns out to have a blackjack, you will have a "push" tie with the dealer; your insurance bet will pay which pays better than the original bet of !
When doubling down, you only get one card. You may not like the hand you end up with. In fact, that is what the casino is counting on! Never double down if the dealer is an ace or a face card unless you have Splitting can turn an excellent hand into a terrible one, and vice versa.
Here are some rules of thumb: Splitting Aces is advantageous, but understand this: You are only allowed to split Aces once sometimes , and you can only take one card for each new hand sometimes.
Some casinos did this because splitting Aces, without any restriction, is a great advantage. If lots are still to be seen, they up their bets, knowing the likelihood of them getting a good hand is better.
Casinos have caught onto this however, and most now use multiple decks in the shoe or cut the deck or both. Because of this, card counting will not be outlined here.
Grab a seat at an open table. S He will take your money and exchange it for a pile of chips. Then, you place your bet in the betting box and away you go!
Though obviously not logical, no one said humans, and gamblers especially, ever were. Start using your hands. For hitting, either tap the table with a finger or two or scrape the table with the edge of your cards.
For standing, place your chips on top of your cards, face down or wave your hand palm down horizontally over your cards. For splitting, add another bet and point 2 fingers.
For doubling down, add another bet to your betting box and point 1 finger. Assume the dealer has a ten. When it comes down to it, that card facing down has better odds of being a ten or worth 10 than any other value.
You should take into account both your cards and their cards. If you have sixteen and the dealer is showing a six, stand. They have to take a card unless the have an A.
But if you have sixteen and the dealer is showing a Know when to walk away. Just like in poker, blackjack has hot and cold tables.
A good rule of thumb is to up your bet in increments. When your winning streak stops, resume your initial minimum bet until the table goes hot again.
Basic rules of thumb are to always stand hard 17 and over, never stand a soft 17, double soft hands A,2 and A,3 vs , A,4 and A,5 vs , and A,6 and A,7 vs Place your bet before the cards are dealt.
Split, double down, and insurance bets take place after the cards have been dealt. Not Helpful 2 Helpful 7. Not Helpful 0 Helpful 2. Not Helpful 3 Helpful 6.
Each of the players is playing the dealer only, not the other players. Not Helpful 0 Helpful 1. Not Helpful 3 Helpful 3.Insurance in blackjack is often misunderstood by players, and is a big money-maker for casinos. As a result, the dealer busts more often with those upcards. The rules of play for the dealer are strictly dictated, leaving no decisions up to vcricket dealer. Why Splitting Tens is a Bad Move. Your chips should be in one stack. Basic rules of thumb are to always stand hard 17 and over, never stand a soft 17, double soft hands A,2 and A,3 vsA,4 and A,5 vsand A,6 and A,7 vs We would like to thank the following partner sites for their support: There are many subtle reasons for this but the most significant are:. You are allowed to double down for any amount up to your original bet amount, so you could actually double down for less if you wanted. The dealer will check to see if he has a value card underneath his Ace, and if he does have Blackjack, your winning Insurance bet will be paid at odds of 2: The player can use this information to vary their bet and playing strategy. A blackjack, or natural, is a total of 21 in spiel computer first two cards. He will deal a second card on the first how to play blackjack casino rules, and you 77 jackpot casino no deposit bonus play that two-card hand to completion. Da aber die nächste Karte nicht bekannt ist, lässt sich für den Spieler aus dieser Position am Spieltisch kein Vorteil ziehen. Game rules German, PDF. Beim Black Jack hängt dieser Wert von der gewählten Spielstrategie ab. Viele europäische Casinos verwenden nunmehr so genannte Shuffle stars euroleague live heute, spezielle Kartenschlitten mit eurojackpot gewinnzahlen überprüfen Kartenmischmaschine. Bust You win 2. Die hier angegebene Strategie ist optimal bezüglich des obigen Reglements.